Syrian Bedouin from a beehive village in Aleppo, Syria, sipping the traditional murra(bitter) coffee, 1930.
Palestinian women grinding coffee, 1905
Dutch engraving of Mocha in 1692
A 1652 handbill advertising coffee for sale in St. Michael's Alley, London.
Cafe Zimmermann Leipzig (engraving by Johann Georg Schreiber, 1732.
Eurycoma longifolia, also known as Malaysian ginseng or tongkat ali, is a therapeutic herb native to the Malaysian rain forests. Like many other exotic plants, tongkat ali is popular in traditional medicine. Its primary use has been to promote healthy libido and support normal hormone levels in males.
Known by its scientific name, Lepidium meyenii, maca is a type of cruciferous vegetable native to the Andes of Peru. Maca has a similar appearance and size as radishes or turnips with green tops and roots that range in color from yellow to purple and black. It has been used medicinally for thousands of years and has been shown to enhance sexual health and libido; improve energy, mood and memory; and balance hormone levels.
Ashwagandha, one of the most powerful herbs in Ayurvedic healing, has been used since ancient times for a wide variety of conditions. It is most well-known for its restorative and rejuvenating benefits. The Kama Sutra mentions ashwagandha in its literature as a potent sexual stimulant. Researchers have found that it may be a natural herbal alternative treatment for loss of libido and erectile dysfunction.